Badminton, court or lawn game played with light weight rackets and a shuttlecock. Historically, the shuttlecock (also known as a “bird” or “birdies”) was a small cork hemisphere with 16 goose feathers attached and weighing about 0.17 ounce (5 grams). These types of shuttles may still be used in modern play, but shuttles made from synthetic materials are also allowed by the Badminton World Federation
The Badminton World Federation (BWF) originally the (International Badminton Federation), the world governing body of the sport, was formed in 1934. Badminton is also popular in Malaysia, Indonesia, Japan, and Denmark. The BWF’s first world championships were held in 1977.
The court is rectangular and divided into halves by a net. Courts are usually marked for both singles and doubles play, although badminton rules permit a court to be marked for singles only. The doubles court is wider than the singles court, but both are of the same length. The exception, which often causes confusion to newer players, is that the doubles court has a shorter serve-length dimension.
Each game is played to 21 points, with players scoring a point whenever they win a rally regardless of whether they served (this differs from the old system where players could only win a point on their serve and each game was played to 15 points). A match is the best of three games.
Important Questions of Badminton are listed bellow
1. From which country the badminton was started ?
=> India (1820-30 A.D)
2. Who were played badminton at first time ?
=> English Army in India
3. From which game the game badminton was evolved ?
=> “Poona” and “Batteldore”
4. From when the badminton becomes international game ?
=> From 1870 A.D
5. Where was the badminton was played at first ?
=> Karachi (India)
6. When was the first time the rule of badminton was published ?
=> In 1867 A.D (India)
7.When was the (BAE) Badminton Association of England was established ?
=> In 1893 A.D
8. When was the (IBF) International Badminton Federation was established ?
=> 1934 A.D
9. When was the first time badminton was included as an event in Asian Game ?
=> In 1962 A.D
10. When was the first time badminton game was introduced in Olympic ?
=> In 1992 A.D
11. What is the name of badminton playing place ?
12. What is the measurement of single playing badminton court ?
=> 13.40 m × 5.18 m
13. What is the measurement of the double playing badminton court ?
=> 13.40 m × 6.10 m
14. What is minimum length of badminton net ?
=>6.10 m (20 feet)
15. What is the width of badminton net ?
=> 76 cm. (2.6 feet)
16. What is the measurement of mesh ( the hole of net )
=> 19mm × 19mm
17. What is the height of net at center from ground ?
=> 1.534 m (5 feet )
18. What is the height of net at the post from the ground ?
=> 1.55 m ( 5feet 1 inch )
19. What is the measurement of white tap (Edge supported by a cord)
=> 75 mm (3 inch)
20. What is the weight of badminton shuttle cock ?
=> 4.74 to 5.50 gram
21. How many feathers in shuttle cock ?
=> 16 feathers fixed in the base
22. What is the length of feather of shuttle cock ?
=> 62mm to 70mm (from tip to top)
23. What is the width of shuttle at top ?
=> 5.8cm to 6.8cm
24. What is the diameter of shuttle cock ?
=> 2.5 to 2.8 cm
25. who was the first champion of badminton in olympics ?
=> Prakash Padukone and Pullela Gopichand, (England)
26. What is the maximum weight of Racket ?
=> 150 gram
27. What is the maximum Height of Racket ?
=> 675 mm to 680 mm
Top 10 Rules of Badminton are listed bellow:-
1. A game starts with a coin toss. Whoever wins the toss gets to decide whether they would serve or receive first OR what side of the court they want to be on.
2. At no time during the game should the player touch the net, with his racquet or his body.
3. The shuttlecock should not be carried on or come to rest on the racquet.
4. A player should not reach over the net to hit the shuttlecock.
5. A serve must carry cross court (diagonally) to be valid.
6. During the serve, a player should not touch any of the lines of the court, until the server strikes the shuttlecock. During the serve the shuttlecock should always be hit from below the waist.
7. A point is added to a player’s score as and when he wins a rally.
8. A player wins a rally when he strikes the shuttlecock and it touches the floor of the opponent’s side of the court or when the opponent commits a fault. The most common type of fault is when a player fails to hit the shuttlecock over the net or it lands outside the boundary of the court.
9. Each side can strike the shuttlecock only once before it passes over the net. Once hit, a player can’t strike the shuttlecock in a new movement or shot.
10. The shuttlecock hitting the ceiling, is counted as a fault.