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What is BRAIN?
The brain is an amazing organ that controls all functions of the body. The brain is located in the head, usually close to the sensory organs for senses such as vision….interprets information from the outside world, and embodies the essence of the mind and soul. Intelligence, creativity, emotion, and memory are a few of the many things governed by the brain. Protected within the skull, the brain is composed of the cerebrum, cerebellum, and brainstem.
The brain receives information through our five senses: sight, smell, touch, taste, and hearing – often many at one time. It assembles the messages in a way that has meaning for us and can store that information in our memory. The brain controls our thoughts, memory and speech, movement of the arms and legs, and the function of many organs within our body
The central nervous system (CNS) is composed of the brain and spinal cord. The peripheral nervous system (PNS) is composed of spinal nerves that branch from the spinal cord and cranial nerves that branch from the brain.
Here I have written 101 MIND BLOWING AMAZING FACTS ABOUT BRAIN.
1. Your brain uses 20% of the total oxygen and blood in your body.
3. Music triggers activity in the same brain structure that releases the “pleasure chemical” dopamine during sex and eating.
4. Due to the new discovery of many brain parasites, scientists now think Zombie Apocalypse is actually possible.
5. We have more brain cells as a newborn baby than we will ever have again.
6. The pathologist who made Einstein’s body’s autopsy stole his brain and kept it in a jar for 20 years.
7. The human brain has the same consistency as tofu.
8. The smell of chocolate increases theta brain waves, which triggers relaxation.
9. The brain releases so much dopamine during orgasms that a brain scan resembles that of someone on
10. Forgetting is good for the brain: deleting unnecessary information helps the nervous system retain its plasticity.
11. Alcohol doesn’t make you forget anything. When you get blackout drunk, the brain temporarily loses the ability to create memories.
12.”Sphenopalatine ganglion neuralgia” is the scientific term for brain freeze
13. A baby’s brain can use up to 50% of the total glucose supply, which may help explain why babies need so much sleep.
14. At rest, your brain uses one-fifth of a calorie per minute.
15. We can’t remember much of our first few years because the hippocampus wasn’t developed enough to build a rich memory of an event.
16. Human brains are 10% smaller than they were 20,000 years ago.
17. There are virtually no differences in brain anatomy between people with autism and those without.
18. Half our brains can be removed by surgery with no apparent effect on personality or memory.
19. The human brain has enough memory to hold three million hours of television.
20. Breastfeeding actually changes the way a mother’s brain works, making her more attuned to the child’s crying.
21. In 2015, the 4th most powerful supercomputer in the world took 40 minutes to simulate just one second of human brain activity.
22. It takes about 0.2 seconds for your brain to understand the light that reaches your eye.
23. Our brain’s cognitive decline starts at age 24, according to a study.
24. Humans spend 13% of their lives not focusing on anything in particular.
25. To your brain, one sleepless night is the cognitive equivalent of being legally drunk.
26. The human brain is composed of about 100 billion neurons plus a trillion glial cells.
27.35 years after leaving school, the majority of people can still identify 90% of their classmates.
28. A scan of Sting’s brain found that composing music activates different parts of the brain than writing poetry or creating art.
29. You have about 70,000 thoughts a day.
30. Researchers found that when jazz musicians improvise, their brains turn off areas linked to self-censoring and inhibition, and turn on those that let self-expression flow.
31. The brain can’t actually feel pain despite its billions of neurons.
32. You have Taste receptors in the stomach, intestines, pancreas, lungs, anus, testicles, and the brain
33. By 2023, the average US$1,000 laptop will be just as fast as the human brain, according to Ray Kurzweil
34. The feeling of Certainty can be triggered without the need for facts or reasoning, using electric stimulation over a specific part of the brain.
35. Half of your genes describe the complex design of your brain, with the other half describing the organization of the other 98% of your body.
36. Recovering from a break-up is like kicking an addiction to a drug, researchers found from looking at the brain scans of the broken-hearted.
37. Human beings have as many brain cells in their stomachs as cats have in their brains.
38. The average intelligence of humans has risen 20 IQ points since 1950, a study found.
39. It’s scientifically proven that even a small dose of POWER changes how a person’s brain operates and diminishes empathy.
40. Brain age decreases by 0.95 years for each year of education, and by 0.58 years for every daily flight of stairs climbed, a study found.
41. The human brain named itself.
42. There is no such thing as a “male brain” or a “female brain,” all have an unpredictable mishmash of male-like and femalelike features.
42. Research on naps, meditation, and nature walks reveals that mental breaks increase productivity, replenish attention, solidify memories and encourage creativity.
44. When awake, the human brain produces enough electricity to power a small light bulb.
45. There’s a virus that attacks human DNA making people less intelligent, impairing brain activity, learning and memory.
46. When you learn something new, the structure of your brain changes.
47. The brain treats rejection like physical pain, according to scientists.
48. It only takes 6 minutes for brain cells to react to alcohol.
49. Sleep deprivation affects the brain in multiple ways that can impair judgment and slow reaction.
50. Long-term mobile phone use significantly increases the risk of brain tumors, a study found.
51. There is no Left Brain/Right Brain Divide. It’s a myth. They work together.
52. Lack of sleep may shrink your brain.
53. It’s not your imagination. Users of Apple devices really are different than those who use Android products. MRIs reveal that Apple products stimulate the “god spot” in their users’ brains — the same part of the brain activated by religious imagery in people of faith
54. Your brain weighs about three pounds. Sixty percent of the dry weight is fat, making the brain the fattiest organ in the body.
55. Until recently, it was a “fact” that you were born with a set level of intelligence and a number of brain cells. But it has since been discovered that your brain has the capacity to change throughout your lifetime due to a property known as brain plasticity. The brain can continue to form new brain cells via a process known as neurogenesis.
56.No one knows for sure, but the latest estimate is that our brains contain roughly 86 billion brain cells.
57. You may have heard that we have more brain cells than there are stars in the Milky Way, but this is not true. Best-guess estimates are that we have 86 a billion neurons while there are 200-400 billion stars in the Milky Way.
58. Your brain needs a constant supply of oxygen. As little as five minutes without oxygen can cause some brain cells to die, leading to severe brain damage
59. Few facts about the brain are as strange as the posthumous story of Albert Einstein’s brain. The pathologist who performed Einstein’s autopsy kept the brain in a jar in his basement for 40 years. Eventually, he made a cross-country trip with the brain in a Tupperware container to deliver it to Einstein’s granddaughter. You can read the full story about one of the most bizarre road trips ever in Driving Mr. Albert: A Trip Across America with Einstein’s Brain.
60. It’s often said that there are 10,000 miles of blood vessels in the brain when, actually, that number is closer to 400 miles. Still, a substantial amount!
61. The popular myth that we use only 10% of our brains is flat-out wrong. Brain scans clearly show that we use most of our brain most of the time, even when we’re sleeping.
62. Memories are shockingly unreliable and change over time. Emotions, motivation, cues, context, and frequency of use can all affect how accurately you remember something. This includes “flashbulb memories” which occur during traumatic events.
63. Most savants are born that way, but a brain trauma can cause acquired savant syndrome where ordinary people suddenly develop genius-level abilities they didn’t have before
64. Your brain generates about 12-25 watts of electricity. This is enough to power a low-wattage LED light
65. Every minute, 750-1,000 milliliters of blood flow through the brain. This is enough to fill a bottle of wine or liter bottle of soda.
66. Our brains crave mental stimulation, sometimes to a fault. Men especially would rather give themselves electric shocks than sit quietly in a room and think!
67. Your brain can process an image that your eyes have seen for as little as 13 milliseconds — less time than it takes for you to blink
68. Some scientists believe zombies could actually be created. They think it’s possible that a mutated virus or parasites could attack the brain and rapidly spread throughout large populations, essentially causing a “zombie apocalypse
69. Neanderthal brains were 10% larger than our Homo sapiens brains
70. the modern diet is low in omega-3 essential fatty acids. Low levels of omega-3s result in brain shrinkage equivalent to two years of structural brain aging
71. Over 140 proteins in the brain are negatively impacted by exposure to electromagnetic frequencies, the kind emitted by your cell phone and other electronic devices.
72. Unexpectedly, millennials (aged 18 to 34) are more forgetful than baby boomers. They are more likely to forget what day it is or where they put their keys than their parents!
73. Of the thousands of thoughts a person has every day, it’s estimated that 70% of this mental chatter is negative — self-critical, pessimistic, and fearful.
74. While humans have the largest brains proportional to the body weight of all animals, we don’t have the biggest brains. That distinction belongs to sperm whales with 17-pound brains.
75. The brain in your head isn’t your only brain. There’s a “second brain” in your intestines that contains 100 million neurons. Gut bacteria are responsible for making over 30 neurotransmitters including the “happy molecule” serotonin.
76. There is no such thing as a left-brain or right-brain personality/skill type. We are not left-brained or right-brained; we are “whole-brained.”
77. The human brain is extraordinarily complex and consequently can go awry in some spectacular ways. Some of the strangest disorders include exploding head syndrome disorder (hearing phantom explosions in your head), Capgras syndrome (thinking loved ones have been substituted by impostors, robots, or aliens), and Cotard’s syndrome (believing you are dead).
78. The popular myth that we use only 10% of our brains is flat-out wrong. Brain scans clearly show that we use most of our brain most of the time, even when we’re sleeping.
79. In spite of what you’ve been told, alcohol does not kill brain cells. What excessive alcohol consumption can do is damage the connective tissue at the end of neurons.
80. Japan’s K computer is one of the most powerful computers in the world. When programmed to simulate human brain activity, it took 40 minutes to crunch the data equivalent to just one second of brain activity
81. It’s often said that there are 10,000 miles of blood vessels in the brain when, actually, that number is closer to 400 miles. Still, a substantial amount!
82. Think you’re in control of your life? Don’t be so sure. Ninety-five percent of your decisions take place in your subconscious mind.
83. A piece of brain tissue the size of a grain of sand contains 100,000 neurons and 1 billion synapses, all communicating with each other
84. Your brain keeps developing until your late 40s.
85. The brain produces a half cup of fluid every day. It floats in this bath of cerebrospinal fluid which acts as a shock absorber to keep the brain from being crushed by its own weight.
86. Your brain’s storage capacity is considered virtually unlimited. It doesn’t get “used up” like RAM in your computer.
87. When looking at a crowd, we can only recognize two faces at a time.
88. While studying brain scans to search for patterns that correlated with psychopathic behavior, neuroscientist James Fallon found that his own brain fit the profile.
89. A study using MRI scans showed that the brains of people who exercise moderately look 10 years younger than those who don’t.
90. Lack of oxygen in the brain for 5 to 10 minutes results in permanent brain damage.
91. Human brain tissue is not dense. It’s very fragile — soft and squishy similar to the consistency of soft tofu or gelatin.
92. According to research done at Cambridge University, the order of letters in a word doesn’t matter much to your brain. As long as the first and last letters are in the right spot, your brain can rearrange the letters to form words as fast as you can read. This is why you can easily make sense of this jumble of letters:
93. Brain scans taken during a study showed that listening to poems activated parts of participants’ brains that are not activated when listening to music or watching films.
94. New Brain Connections Are Created Every Time You Form a Memory.
95. Even a short, one-time burst of exercise can boost parts of the brain responsible for executive functions such as decision-making and focus, a research paper found.
96. The human brain is capable of 1,016 processes per second, which makes it far more powerful than any existing computer.
97. To understand a pun, your brain’s right and left hemispheres have to work together, due to the unique structure of the joke.
98. When you first meet people it is common to forget their names – a phenomenon called the ‘next-in-line’ effect. This is because people are too worried about themselves, and what they’ll say next, to focus on remembering the names of people they’re introduced to.
99. Your brain has a pattern of connectivity as unique as your fingerprints.
100. The average English speaker has about 50,000 words in their mind and finds the right one in 600 milliseconds.
101. Research shows that people can handle two tasks at a time, but they make three times as many errors when a third task is added.