FIRST WORLD WAR

First World War was the global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28th July 1914 to 29thJune 1919. More than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, were mobilised in one of the largest wars in history. Over nine million combatants and seven million civilians died as a result of the war (including the victims of a number of genocides), a casualty rate exacerbated by the belligerents’ technological and industrial sophistication, and the tactical stalemate caused by gruelling trench warfare. It was one of the deadliest conflicts in history and precipitated major political change, including the Revolutions of 1917–1923 in many of the nations involved. Unresolved rivalries at the end of the conflict contributed to the start of the Second World War twenty-one years later.

First World war -Weapon
First World war -Weapon

The war drew in all the world’s economic great powers, assembled in two opposing alliances: the Allies (based on the Triple Entente of the Russian Empire, the French Third Republic, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland) versus the Central Powers of Germany and Austria-Hungary. Although Italy was a member of the Triple Alliance alongside Germany and Austria-Hungary, it did not join the Central power, as Austria-Hungary had taken the offensive against the terms of the alliance.These alliances were reorganised and expanded as more nations entered the war: Italy, Japan and the United States joined the Allies, while the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria joined the Central powers

The trigger for the war was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, by Yugoslav nationalist Gavrilo Princip in Sarajevo on 28th June 1914. This set off a diplomatic crisis when Austria-Hungary delivered an ultimatum to the Kingdom of Serbia and, as a result, entangled-international-alliances, formed over the previous decades, were invoked. Within weeks the major power were at war, and the conflict soon spread around the world.

First World war
First World war

Major Events of First World War are listed Down



DATE (A.D)
EVENTS
28thJuly 1914
The emperor of Austria-Hungary Franz Joseph decleared war against Sarbia. Austria-Hungarian army Bombored on serbia capital city Belgrade.
29thJuly 1914
Russian government ordered it’s army force to protect serbia
30thJuly 1914
Germany pressured Russia Emperor Nicolos.II to back it’s Force.
1stAug 1914
Germany decleared war against Russia as Russia did’nt get it’s force back and France ordered it’s force to support Russia .
3rdAug 1914
Germany declared war against France . Germany troops entered Belgium to attack France .
Britain took the responsibility of it’s security so it gave pressure to get it’s force back .
4thAug 1914
Britain declared war against Germany as it did not get it’s force back from Belgium .
12thAug 1914
Britain and France declared war against Austria-Hungary .
20thOct 1914
First Bettal of YPres began and many shoulders died in war of Belgium city YPres.
24thMay 1915
Italy declared war against Austria.
15thOct 1915
Britain declared war against Bulgaria.
27thAug 1916
Russia declared war against Austria.
28thAug 1916
Italy declared war against Germany.
6thApril 1917
USA declared war against Germany.
7thAug 1918
Black day of German Force.
9thNov 1918
German Emperor Kasier William II fled to Holland.
29thJune 1919
Versailles Treaty and the end of war.




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