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Human Body #2 =>Glands and Hormones -Important Questions

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Gland


A gland is a group of cells in an Human’s body that synthesizes substances (such as hormones) for release into the bloodstream (endocrine gland) or into cavities inside the body or its outer surface (exocrine gland).
The major glands that make up the human endocrine system include the:
Hypothalamus.
Pituitary gland.
Thyroid.
Parathyroids.
Adrenal glands.
Aineal body.
Reproductive glands (which include the ovaries and testes)
pancreas.

Hormone

Hormone is any member of a class of signaling molecules produced by glands in multicellular organisms that are transported by the circulatory system to target distant organs to regulate physiology and behaviour. Hormones have diverse chemical structures, mainly of 3 classes: eicosanoids, steroids, and amino acid/protein derivatives (amines, peptides, and proteins). The glands that secrete hormones comprise the endocrine signaling system.

Here i have listed some important Questions related to Glands and Hormones that generally ask in examinations (#2)




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1. What is the weight of Pituitary gland ?
=>0.5 gm

2. What is the wight of Pituitary gland ?
=>1 cm

3. Which gland is known as master of gland ?
=>Pituitary gland

PITUITARY-GLAND
PITUITARY-GLAND
4. Which gland control other glands ?
=>Pituitary gland ?

5. How many types of Hormones are produced in Pituitary gland ?
=>11 types

6. Which hormones increase the growth rate of human body ?
=>Somatotropic

7. Which Hormones Secrete milk in Female ?
=>Lactogenic

8.Which gland is responsible for growth of body ?
=>Pituitary gland

9. Which gland is responsible for milk produce in female ?
=>Pituitary gland

10. What is the color of Pineal gland ?
=>Radish Brown.

11. What is the length of Pineal gland ?
=>10 mm




12. How many glands are there in brain ?
=>2 glands

13. What is the length of Thyroid gland ?
=>5 cm

Thyroid-Gland
Thyroid-Gland
14. What is the width of Thyroid gland ?
=>3 cm

15. What is the weight of Thyroid gland ?
=>30 to 50 gram

16. Which hormones secretes in Thyroid gland ?
=> Thyroxine and Triiodothyronine

17. How many percent of iron contains in Thyroxine hormone ?
=>65 %

18. How many Parathyroid gland in our body ?
=>4

19. What is the weight of each Parathyroid gland?
=>0.5 gram

20. Which hormones secrete in Parathyroid glands ?
=>Parathormone


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