Prime Minister Shri. Narendra Modi launched ‘Lab Land’scheme in 2014. The objective of this scheme is to increase agricultural production along with the rational use of water. For this, the PM has coined a mantra ‘per drop more crop’. He has motivated agricultural scientists for the use of scientific technologies to help raise agricultural production. In this scheme, the stress is given to a logical combination of traditional knowledge systems and new technology. Ground water level is going down in various parts of the country and this situation is alarming. Such schemes can motivate people to conserve water.

Government schemes for Development

On 25 July 2015, the Prime Minister invited around 6,000 scientists, functioning at various centers and institutes of the Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR) and also over 15,000 scientists working with state agricultural universities, under a program called ‘Mera Gaon Mera Gaurav’. The scheme envisages scientists selecting villages and keeping in touch with the selected villages while also providing information to the farmers on technical as well as other related aspects, through personal visits or through telephone.

The center has announced the Digital Literacy Mission Scheme ’in the Union Budget 2016–2017. Under this scheme, the government will cover around additional six crore households in the next 3 years. Digital literacy is defined as the knowledge to operate digital devices such as computers, smartphones, and the Internet.
Also, See once..
EMINENT SCIENTISTS AND SCHOLARS OF MODERN INDIA-Part 1 , Development of Science and Technology in Modern India,
Development of Science and Technology in Medieval India, Development of Science and Technology and Ancient India

List of central government schemes in India.


Atal Pension Yojana
May 9, 2015
A pension program that allows people to make voluntary contributions within a certain range in order to receive matching government contributions.
Bachat Lamp Scheme
Reduce the cost of compact fluorescent lamps
Central Government Health Scheme
comprehensive medical care facilities for Central Government employees and their family members
Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme
Social Justice
Create an enabling environment to ensure equal opportunities, equity, social justice, and empowerment of persons with disabilities.
Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana
Sep 25, 2014
Rural Development
It is a Government of India Project to engage rural youth especially the BPL and SC/ST segment of the population, in gainful employment through skill training programs.
Digital India Programme
July 1, 2015
Digitally Empowered Nation
Aims to ensure that government services are available to citizens electronically and people benefit from the latest information and communication technology.
Gramin Bhandaran Yojana
March 31, 2007
Creation of scientific storage capacity with allied facilities in rural areas to meet the requirements of farmers for storing farm produce, processed farm produce, and agricultural inputs. Improve their marketability through the promotion of grading, standardization, and quality control of agricultural produce.
Pradhan Mantri Gramin Awaas Yojana
Housing, Rural
Provides financial assistance to rural poor for
constructing their houses themselves.
The Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana
Mother Care
A cash incentive of Rs. 4000 to women (19 years and above) for the first two live births.
Integrated Child Development Services
October 2, 1975
Child Development
tackle malnutrition and health problems in children below 6 years of age and their mothers.
Integrated Rural Development Program
Rural Development
self-employment program to raise the income-generation capacity of target groups among the poor The scheme has been merged with another scheme named Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) since 01.04 1999.

Janani Suraksha Yojana
Mother Care
One-time cash incentive to pregnant women for institutional/home births through skilled assistance.
Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JnNURM)
December 3, 2005
Urban Development
a program meant to improve the quality of life and infrastructure in the cities. To be replaced by Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation.
Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya
July 2004
Educational facilities (residential schools) for girls belonging to SC, ST, OBC, minority communities, and families below the poverty line(BPL) in Educationally Backward Blocks.
Kishore Vaigyanik Protsahan Yojana
Scholarship program to encourage students to take up research careers in the areas of basic sciences, engineering, and medicine.
Livestock Insurance Scheme
Insurance to cattle and attaining qualitative improvement in livestock and their products.
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act
February 6, 2006
Rural Wage Employment
Legal guarantee for one hundred days of employment in every financial year to adult members of any rural household willing to do public work-related unskilled manual work at the statutory minimum wage of Rs. 120 per day in 2009 prices.
Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme
December 23, 1993
Each MP has the choice to suggest to the District Collector for, works to the tune of Rs.5 Crores per annum to be taken up in his/her constituency. The Rajya Sabha Member of Parliament can recommend works in one or more districts in the State from where he/she has been elected.
Midday Meal Scheme
August 15, 1995
Health, Education
Lunch (free of cost) to school children on all working days.
Namami Gange Programme
March 1995
Clean & Protect Ganga
Integrates the efforts to clean and protect the River Ganga in a comprehensive manner.
National Literacy Mission Programme
May 5, 1988
Make 80 million adults in the age group of 15 – 35 literate.
National Pension Scheme
January 1, 2004
Contribution-based pension system.
National Scheme on Welfare of Fishermen
Financial assistance to fishers for the construction of houses, community halls for recreation and common working places, and installation of tube wells for drinking water.
National Social Assistance Scheme
August 15, 1995
Public assistance to its citizens in case of unemployment, old age, sickness, and disablement, and in other cases of undeserved want.
Pooled Finance Development Fund Scheme
September 29, 2006
Urban Infrastructure Development
Pooled Finance Development Fund (PFDF), which would enable the Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) including small and medium-sized municipalities to raise funds from the market on a sustainable basis to meet their investment needs. PFDF will provide credit enhancement to ULBs to access market borrowings based on their creditworthiness through State level Pooled Finance Mechanism viz. a State Pooled Finance Entity (SPEF).
Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana
July 23, 2010
Model Village
Integrated development of Schedule Caste majority villages in four states.
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojna
April 2015
To provide encouragement to youth for the development of employable skills by providing monetary rewards by recognition of prior learning or by undergoing training at affiliated centers.
Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana
May 9, 2015
Accidental Insurance with a premium of Rs. 12 per year.
Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana
May 9, 2015
Life insurance of Rs. 2 lakh with a premium of Rs. 330 per year.
Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana
August 28, 2014
Financial Inclusion
National Mission for Financial Inclusion to ensure access to financial services, namely Banking Savings and Deposit Accounts, Remittance, Credit, Insurance, and Pension in an affordable manner.
Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana
December 25, 2000
Rural Development
Good all-weather road connectivity to unconnected villages.
Rajiv Awas Yojana
Urban Housing
It envisages a “Slum Free India” with inclusive and equitable cities in which every citizen has access to basic civic infrastructure social amenities and decent shelter.
Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana
April 2005
Rural Electrification
Program for the creation of Rural Electricity Infrastructure and Household Electrification for providing access to electricity to rural households.
Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana
August 1, 2007
Achieve 4% annual growth in agriculture through the development of Agriculture and its allied sectors during the XI Plan period.
Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana
April 1, 2008
Health insurance to poor (BPL), Domestic workers, MGNERGA workers, Rikshawpullers, Building and other construction workers, and many other categories as may be identified by the respective states.
Tuberculosis control initiative.
Saksham or Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Boys
Skill Development
Aim at the all-round development of Adolescent Boys and make them self-reliant, gender-sensitive, and aware citizens, when they grow up. It covers all adolescent boys (both school-going and out of school) in the age group of 11 to 18 years subdivided into two categories, viz. 11-14 & 14–18 years. In 2014–15, an allocation of Rs. 25 crore was made for the scheme.
Sabla or Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls
Skill Development
Empowering adolescent girls (Ages) of 11–18 years with a focus on out-of-school girls by improving their nutritional and health status and upgrading various skills like home skills, life skills, and vocational skills. Merged Nutrition Programme for Adolescent Girls (NPAG) and Kishori Shakti Yojana (KSY).
Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana
September 25, 2001
Rural Self Employment
Providing additional wage employment and food security, alongside the creation of durable community assets in rural areas.
February 15, 2011
Financial Inclusion
To make banking facilities available to all citizens and to get 5 crore accounts opened by March 2012. Replaced by Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana.
Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana
April 1, 1999
Rural Employment
Bring the assisted poor families above the poverty line by organizing them into Self Help Groups (SHGs) through the process of social mobilization, their training and capacity building, and provision of income-generating assets through a mix of bank credit and government subsidy.
September 26, 2010
pension scheme to the workers in the unorganized sector. Any citizen who is not part of any statutory pension scheme of the Government and contributes between Rs. 1000 and Rs. 12000/- per annum, could join the scheme. The Central Government shall contribute Rs. 1000 per annum to such subscribers.
Child Care
Training Program for ICDS workers.
Voluntary Disclosure of Income Scheme
June 18, 1997
Opportunity for income tax/ wealth tax defaulters to disclose their undisclosed income at the prevailing tax rates.
National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM)
June 2011
This scheme will organize rural poor into Self Help Group(SHG) groups and make them capable of self-employment. The idea is to develop better livelihood options for the poor.
National Urban Livelihood Mission (NULM)
24 Sep, 2013
This scheme will reduce poverty of urban poor households especially street vendors who constitute an important segment of the urban poor by enabling them to access gainful self-employment and skilled wage employment opportunities.
HRIDAY – Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana
Jan 2015
Urban Development
The scheme seeks to preserve and rejuvenate the rich cultural heritage of the country.
Sukanya Samridhi Yojana (Girl Child Prosperity Scheme)
22 Jan 2015
The scheme primarily ensures equitable share to a girl child in resources and savings of a family in which she is generally discriminated as against a male child.
Smart Cities Mission
June 25, 2015
Urban Development
To enable better living and drive economic growth stressing the need for people-centric urban planning and development.
June 25, 2015
Urban Development
To enable better living and drive economic growth stressing the need for people-centric urban planning and development.
Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY)
June 25, 2015
To enable better living and drive economic growth stressing the need for people-centric urban planning and development.
National Child Labour Projects(NCLP)
launched in 9 districts in 1987 and has been expanded in January 2005 to 250 districts in 21 different states of the country
The objective of this project is to eliminate child labor in hazardous industries by 2010.
Under this scheme, the target group is all children below 14 years of age who are working in occupations and processes listed in the Schedule to the Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986, or occupations and processes that are harmful to the health of the child.
National Career Service (India) (NCS)
20 July 2015
The objective of this project is to help job-seekers land the jobs they deserve.
Under this scheme, an online job portal named as National Career Service portal has been launched which acts as a common platform for Job-seekers, employers, skill providers, govt. departments, placement organizations, and counselors. The portal possesses more than 3.11 crore registered job-seekers and more than 9 lakh employers from across the country.
Antyodaya Anna Yojna
25 December 2000
Under the scheme 1 crore of the poorest among the (Below Poverty Line)BPL families covered under the targeted public distribution system are identified.
Issue of Ration Cards Following the recognition of Antyodaya families, unique quota cards to be recognized an “Antyodaya Ration Card” must be given to the Antyodaya families by the chosen power.
The scheme has been further expanded twice by an additional 50 lakh BPL families each in June 2003 and in August 2004, thus covering 2 crore families under the AAY scheme.
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana
July 15, 2015
Skill Development
Seeks to provide the institutional capacity to train a minimum of 40 crore skilled people by 2022.
National Food Security Mission Government of India
2007 for 5 years
It launched in 2007 for 5 years to increase production and productivity of wheat, rice, and pulses on a sustainable basis so as to ensure food security of the country.
The aim is to bridge the yield gap with respect to these crops through the dissemination of improved technologies and farm management practices.
Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana
1 May 2016 Rs. 8000 crore
Launched to provide free LPG connections to women from below-poverty-line families.
Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Jan Aushadhi Kendra (PMBJK)
1 July 2015
Generic Medicines
Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana’ is a campaign launched by the Department of Pharmaceuticals, Govt. Of India, provides quality medicines at affordable prices to the masses through a special Kendra known as Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Jan Aushadhi Kendra. Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Jan Aushadhi Kendra (PMBJK) has been set up to provide generic drugs, which are available at lesser prices but are equivalent in quality and efficacy to expensive branded drugs.
Standup India
April 5, 2016
Loans to SC/ST/Women entrepreneurs for greenfield enterprises
The objective of the Stand-Up India scheme is to facilitate bank loans between INR 10 lakh (INR 1,00,000) and INR 1 Crore (INR 10,000,000) to at least one Scheduled Caste (SC) or Scheduled Tribe (ST) borrower and at least one woman borrower per bank branch for setting up a greenfield enterprise. This enterprise may be in manufacturing, services, or the trading sector. In the case of non-individual enterprises, at least 51% of the shareholding and controlling stake should be held by either an SC/ST or Woman entrepreneur. Loans can be applied online through the Standup Mitra or Udyami Mitra portals.

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