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KEY TO DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL INDIA-Use of Science & Technology

RATIONAL USE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: KEY TO DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL INDIA


Around 70% of the country’s population lives in rural areas. Thus, the development of rural India shall reflect development of the whole country. For this to happen, an intensive focus on conservation of natural resources and use of sustainable technologies will have to become a prerequisite. In our villages, millions still cook using fossil fuels in earthen wares. Their exposure to smoke causes serious health hazards. The present government has launched a new initiative to provide LPG connections to poor people. The users who can afford LPG at market price, may give up subsidy on their gas connections and help provide clean fuel to a BPL family.

Rural India Development
Rural India Development

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, the Union Minister for Science and Technology launched equipment called ‘Solar Dome’in April 2016. The device will help illuminate houses of people living in rural areas where electricity has not reached. The photovoltaic cells in this device, store sunlight and can provide light for 8 to 10 hours. Such innovative methods of alternative/ renewable energy will also enable the people to do their routine work during night hours. This will also prove to be a boon to the school-going children who can complete their assignments and save their eyes from the impact of dim light of candle or lantern.

Solar Dome- Rural India Development
Solar Dome- Rural India Development

A number of new and innovative techniques have been developed in the field of construction. Low cost and environment-friendly building materials and designs are being used. Structural Engineering Research Centre (SERC) located in Chennai and Central Building Research Institute (CBRI) in Roorkee, are premier research institutions under CSIR umbrella, doing commendable R& D work in the field of building technology. CBRI has developed fluorogypsum plaster that is imperishable in the rain and can sustain in rain for long. Portable C-brick machine is such a low-cost technology which uses sand, fly ash and cement to build durable and good quality bricks. This can substantially reduce the cost of construction and go a long way in meeting demand of pucca houses especially in rural areas. In addition, these institutions have contributed in development of sustainable and efficient building technologies such as earthquake-resistant structures, use of rice husk in making wood, etc. Such sustainable and low-cost technologies are not only in the interest of rural population but affordable to them also.




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Health of rural public plays a crucial role in rural development. Primary Health Centres (PHC) and Community Health Centres (CHC) have been established with the aim to address several health issues of rural areas. Unfortunately, these centres are facing shortage of doctors and pharmacists/ nurses. Modern medical technologies and their specialists are also lacking there. Due to lack of medical facilities, most of the rural population have to take recourse to nearby city hospitals. If PHCs and CHCs are well equipped with essential and modern medical technologies and facilities, health care in rural India could be better.

Rural India -Health Development
Rural India -Health Development

Science and technology have contributed significantly in promoting agriculture in our country over the decades. Agriculture Information System (AIS) plays an important and key role in ensuring the reach of agriculture-related information to farmers. Through different information processing tools for monitoring, we are able to know the situation of natural resources and environmental impact such as analysis of environment deterioration, soil erosion, deforestation, etc.

Since the last few years, DD Kisan Channel is providing dedicated programmes on agriculture. Facebook, Twitter and WhatsApp have caused wider promotion of this channel among urban and rural India. Content of the channel and its presentation are also innovative. Therefore, this channel is gaining popularity. Vigyan Prasar, which is an autonomous organisation of Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, is engaged in public outreach for S& T communication. In rural areas, this organisation organises street plays, puppet shows and science exhibitions.

Rural India Development
Rural India Development

Also towards education, S& T is playing a great role. Online education system has become a boon for those students who cannot attend school on regular basis. Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) and Uttar Pradesh Rajarshi Tandon Open University (UPRTOU) are providing online education to undergraduate and postgraduate courses to both urban and rural students through online information technologies. National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) is a national organisation under the Ministry of Human Resource Development. It provides online education to student up to twelfth standard. Students of country’s rural and remote areas are the target for NIOS. Different vocational and life skill-related educational programmes have also been introduced at various centres of NIOS.



Also See once…
EMINENT SCIENTISTS AND SCHOLARS OF MODERN INDIA-Part 2
EMINENT SCIENTISTS AND SCHOLARS OF MODERN INDIA-Part 1 , Development of Science and Technology in Modern India ,
Development of Science and Technology in Medieval India , Development of Science and technology and Ancient India

The National Informatics Centre (NIC) was established by the Department of Electronics in 1975. NIC is based on the nationwide satellite communication network. It has developed District Information System (DISNIC) in each district of the country. A large number of training and information transfer programmes have been taking place through this system. This helps in making available valuable information for district and rural development.

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RATIONAL USE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: KEY TO DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL INDIA
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