SCIENCE and TECHNOLOGY IN EVERYDAY LIFE
In today’s world, science and technology (S& T) plays a significant role in our daily life. From the moment we wake up till we sleep, science affects our every single moment. Though, the significance of science and technology for society has long been recognised, but its importance has increased mainly in the last 25 years. Due to this, many efforts to inform the public about the nature and role of science and technology is heightened by governments and other concerned bodies. It will make citizens better informed as well as better able to adapt to the many changes that science and technology have brought, and will continue to bring, to their lives. Science and technology (S& T) have achieved various progresses in medicine, communication and transportation, and thus make our everyday world vastly different from that of earlier generations. Our understanding of electricity is built by science.
From the study of static and lightning by Ben Franklin in the 1700s to the invention of the first battery by Alessandro and the discovery of the relationship between electricity and magnetism, science played a crucial role in understanding these phenomena.
Science also helps us in communicating through telephone lines, entertaining through our televisions, and in keeping the lights on. Since the first completely synthetic plastic was made by a chemist in the early 1900s, chemistry has come a long way to develop a wide variety of plastics suited for all sorts of jobs, from blocking bullets to making slicker dental floss.
Science brings a great transformation in our eating habits. High-yielding varieties of corn, wheat and rice began to be developed in the 1940s which dramatically increased the yield when paired with new fertilizers and pesticides, paving way for the Green Revolution. Such science-based technologies resulted in striking changes in agriculture, massively increasing the amount of food available to feed the world while simultaneously transforming the economic structure of agricultural practices.
In the 1700s, working of vaccination was shown by Edward Jenner. In the 1800s, the theory of germs causing diseases was established by scientists and doctors. And first antibiotic was discovered in the 1920s. The impact modern medicine had on global health has been proven in various areas such as eradicating smallpox, preventing nutritional deficiencies and successful treatments for infections once considered deadly.
Scientific knowledge can improve the quality of life at many different levels—from the routine workings of our everyday lives to global issues. Science finds usage in informing public policy and in taking personal decisions on energy, health, transportation, communication, defence, conservation, agriculture, economics, leisure and exploration. It is almost impossible to detail the list of many aspects of modern life that is impacted by scientific knowledge.
Science made communication possible
Have you ever wondered how different our life will be without the mobile phones, landlines and internet services that we use today? GPS systems, telephone, telefax, laptops, etc. everything is a gift of science and there is no way we can imagine our life without these. All these inventions of science has brought the world close to us and has made the sharing and transfer of information possible from one corner of the world to another.
In the field of medicine
We know that the advancement in science is the reason why today we have found the cure for millions of diseases and ailments. Heart transplants and various such critical medical procedures are only possible due to science and its innovations. Doctors can see the inside of our body with the help of X- ray which is yet another notable discovery of science.
Source of energy
The discovery of atomic energy has made it possible for us to invent all the advanced forms of energy that we use in our everyday life. Electricity is also a result of this innovation which has given man the power to turn his nights into days and hence work for longer hours. The television and radio that provide us with entertainment and relaxation are also gifts of science.
Each and every machine that we use
Starting from a simple calculator to using high end home appliances, science is a part of our existence. Starting from the time when we wake up using an alarm clock to the time when we hit the bed at night, each and everything we do in office and at home involved the use of science.
Kids playing in the playground
The flying of a simple kite involves science in the fact that it involves the angle of elevation, speed as well as distance.
Cooking also involves science
An ice cube that we make at our homes is a perfect example of melting as well as freezing. The processes of evaporation and condensation involved in cooking are also a proof that science is all around us.
Wastage of food is also science
So, you have left a piece of bread and mould formation takes place on it. Or let us talk about tinned peas, pineapples, peaches, etc. This decomposition and preservation phenomenon is also science.
Whether you believe it or not, even the blowing of wind involves an essence of science in it.