**Correct Answer: sq m**

**Explanation:** The unit for this type of earthwork is square meters (sq m), which is used to measure the horizontal area of excavation. In such scenarios, where the depth does not surpass 30 cm, the focus is on the ground surface being excavated.

**Correct Answer: cu m**

**Explanation:** Concrete work in Reinforced Concrete Construction (R.C.C.) is measured in cubic meters (cu m). This measurement accounts for the volume of concrete used, taking into consideration both length, width, and depth dimensions.

**Correct Answer: cu m**

**Explanation:** Woodwork, such as in door and window frames or structural elements like rafters and trusses, is quantified in cubic meters (cu m). This measurement signifies the three-dimensional volume of the wood used.

**Correct Answer: metre**

**Explanation:** The unit for measuring beading provided in door and window frames, rafters, etc., is meters (m). This measurement corresponds to the linear length of the beading used in these structural elements.

**Correct Answer: quintal**

**Explanation:** Steel works in trusses and their parts are measured in quintals, representing the weight of the steel used. This unit reflects the mass of the material involved in the construction of these structural elements.

**Correct Answer: point**

**Explanation:** Electric wiring or electrification work, such as for lights, fans, and plug points, is measured in points. Each point corresponds to a specific electrical outlet or connection, and this unit helps quantify the extent of wiring needed for these installations.

**Correct Answer: total load at the main in kW**

**Explanation:** The estimate for electric wiring, including fans, lights, and plug points, is made in terms of the total load at the main in kilowatts (kW). This measurement considers the electrical power requirements of the entire system.

**Correct Answer: cu m**

**Explanation:** The unit of payment for blasting rock, including stacking, is cubic meters (cu m). This measurement accounts for the volume of the rock that is blasted and subsequently stacked.

**Correct Answer: sq m**

**Explanation:** The unit of payment for roadside brick edging to increase pavement width is square meters (sq m). This measurement reflects the horizontal area covered by the brick edging.

**Correct Answer: sq m**

**Explanation:** Partition walls are generally measured in square meters (sq m), representing the surface area covered by the partition.

**Correct Answer: metre**

**Explanation:** The unit of payment for excavating trenches for pipes, cables, etc., up to 1.5 meters depth in ordinary rock/hard rock is meters (metre). This measurement considers the linear distance of the excavation.

**Correct Answer: sq m**

**Explanation:** The unit of payment for A.C. sheet roofing is square meters (sq m), representing the surface area covered by the roofing sheets.

**Correct Answer: number**

**Explanation:** The unit of payment for fixing glass panes or cleaning is in numbers. This measurement reflects the count of glass panes installed or cleaned.

**Correct Answer: all of the above**

**Explanation:** The items of earthwork such as setting out of work, site clearance, and dead man are not measured separately. Instead, they are often considered as part of the overall project scope.

**Correct Answer: all of the above**

**Explanation:** All of the statements are correct. Pointing, plastering, and glazing are typically measured in square meters (sq m), representing the area covered by these activities.

^{3}

^{2}

**Correct Answer: m ^{2}**

**Explanation:** The quantity of soiling, representing the deposition of unwanted materials on surfaces during construction, is measured in square meters (m^{2}). This measurement considers the horizontal area affected by soiling, providing a comprehensive assessment of the surface coverage.

^{2}

^{3}

**Correct Answer: m ^{2}**

**Explanation:** The quantity of honeycomb walls is measured in square meters (m^{2}). This measurement takes into account the surface area covered by the distinctive honeycomb pattern within the walls, offering an accurate representation of the affected area.

^{2}

^{3}

**Correct Answer: m ^{2}**

**Explanation:** The quantity of wood required for the shutters of doors and windows is calculated in square meters (m^{2}). This measurement considers the surface area covered by the shutters, providing a detailed estimate of the material needed.

^{3}

^{2}

**Correct Answer: m ^{2}**

**Explanation:** The unit of measurement for a 10 cm thick wall is square meters (m^{2}). This measurement accounts for the surface area covered by the wall, taking into consideration its thickness and providing an indication of the extent of the constructed wall.

^{3}

^{2}

**Correct Answer: m**

**Explanation:** The quantity of expansion joints in buildings is worked out in meters (m). This measurement represents the linear extent of the expansion joint, providing information about the length of the joint within the structure.

**Correct Answer: kilograms**

**Explanation:** The explosive for blasting is typically expressed in terms of kilograms (kg). This unit indicates the weight of the explosive material used in the blasting process, serving as a crucial measure for safety and efficiency.

**Correct Answer: weight**

**Explanation:** The measurement of steel grills is taken in terms of weight, usually expressed in kilograms (kg). This measurement reflects the mass of the steel used in the construction of the grills, providing insights into the material quantity.

**Correct Answer: 0.736 kW**

**Explanation:** One metric horsepower is equal to 0.736 kilowatts (kW) in the metric system. This conversion factor is essential for understanding and calculating power in different units.

^{2}

^{3}

**Correct Answer: m ^{2}**

**Explanation:** The quantity of jafri is measured in square meters (m^{2}). This measurement considers the surface area covered by jafri, providing a detailed assessment of the affected area.

^{2}

^{3}

**Correct Answer: rm**

**Explanation:** The measurement of the railing of the staircase is taken in terms of running meters (rm). This unit accounts for the linear length of the railing, offering a comprehensive representation of the railing extent.

^{2}

^{3}

**Correct Answer: m ^{2}**

**Explanation:** The unit of cribbing is measured in square meters (m^{2}). This measurement considers the surface area covered by cribbing, providing a detailed assessment of the cribbing extent.

^{2}

^{3}

**Correct Answer: m ^{2}**

**Explanation:** Formwork is measured in square meters (m^{2}). This measurement accounts for the surface area covered by the formwork, providing insights into the extent of formwork required for construction.

**Correct Answer: all of the above**

**Explanation:** Brickwork is measured in square meters (sq. m.) for various cases, including honeycomb brickwork, brick flat soling, and half brick walls. This unit considers the surface area covered by the brickwork, offering a comprehensive measurement.

^{3}

^{2}

**Correct Answer: m ^{2}**

**Explanation:** The quantity of damp proof course (D.P.C) is worked out in square meters (m^{2}). This measurement accounts for the surface area covered by the damp proof course, providing an accurate representation of the affected area.

^{2}

^{3}

**Correct Answer: m ^{2}**

**Explanation:** The unit of brickwork having 1⁄2 brick thickness is measured in square meters (m^{2}). This measurement accounts for the surface area covered by the brickwork, considering its thickness and providing a detailed representation.

^{3}

^{2}

**Correct Answer: m ^{2}**

**Explanation:** Scaffolding is calculated in square meters (m^{2}). This measurement considers the surface area covered by the scaffolding structure, providing an estimate of the scaffolding material required for construction.

**Correct Answer: 1:3**

**Explanation:** For brick construction, the lime-sand mortar mix is typically in the ratio of 1:3 (one part lime to three parts sand). This mixture is commonly used for bonding bricks in masonry work.

**Correct Answer: the probable cost arrived at before the commencement of the structure**

**Explanation:** An estimate in construction refers to the probable cost arrived at before the commencement of the structure. It involves a detailed calculation of the expected expenses based on various factors.

**Correct Answer: detailed estimate**

**Explanation:** The most correct estimate is the detailed estimate. This type of estimate provides a comprehensive breakdown of costs for various components of construction, offering a detailed and accurate assessment of the total project cost.

**Correct Answer: plinth area rate**

**Explanation:** The evaluation of a building is often done based on the plinth area rate. This rate considers the cost per square meter of the built-up area and is a common method for estimating the value of a building.

**Correct Answer: all of the above**

**Explanation:** The center line method is specially adopted for estimating circular, hexagonal, and octagonal buildings. This method involves measuring along the center line of the structure for accurate calculations.

**Correct Answer: half of the breadth of the wall on each side**

**Explanation:** In the long and short wall method, the length of the long wall is the center-to-center space between walls plus half of the breadth of the wall on each side. This method is used for accurate measurement in building estimation.

**Correct Answer: per MT**

**Explanation:** Payment for steel is typically done per metric ton (MT). This unit of measurement accounts for the weight of the steel supplied for construction.

**Correct Answer: item rate contract**

**Explanation:** The item rate contract normally gives the maximum value of the project. In this type of contract, each item of work is priced separately, providing a detailed breakdown of costs for different components.

^{3}of 1:2:4 concrete is

^{3}

^{3}

^{3}

^{3}

**Correct Answer: 87 m ^{3}**

**Explanation:** The volume of coarse aggregate (C.A.) required to make 100 m^{3} of 1:2:4 concrete is 87 m^{3}. This ratio represents the proportions of cement, sand, and coarse aggregate in the concrete mix.

^{3}RCC having Mm

_{20}(1:1.5:3).

^{3}

**Correct Answer: all of the above**

**Explanation:** The amount of cement required for 10 m^{3} of RCC with Mm_{20} (1:1.5:3) is 3975 kg, 79.54 bags, or 2.76 m^{3}. These values represent different units of measurement for the quantity of cement needed in the concrete mix.

**Correct Answer: 4.3 bags**

**Explanation:** The amount of cement required per cubic meter for the mix (1:3:6) is 4.3 bags. This ratio represents the proportions of cement, sand, and coarse aggregate in the concrete mix.

**Correct Answer: 8%**

**Explanation:** Of the total estimated cost of a building, the cost of electrification usually accounts for approximately 8%. This percentage represents the proportion of the overall budget allocated for electrical work.

^{2}) and unit weight (kg/m) of 16 mm steel bar is respectively

**Correct Answer: 201, 1.58**

**Explanation:** The cross-sectional area (c/s area) of a 16 mm steel bar is 201 mm^{2}, and its unit weight is 1.58 kg/m. These values provide information about the dimensions and weight of the steel bar.

**Correct Answer: Rs.117**

**Explanation:** The compound amount of Rs. 100 in 4 years at a 4% interest rate is Rs.117. This calculation takes into account compound interest, which is the interest on both the principal amount and the accumulated interest from previous periods.

^{3}plaster in 1:5 ratio

**Correct Answer: 310 kg**

**Explanation:** The quantity of cement required for 1 m^{3} plaster in a 1:5 ratio is 310 kg. This ratio represents the proportion of cement to other materials in the plaster mix.

^{3}mortar (1:6) plaster

**Correct Answer: 265 kg**

**Explanation:** The amount of cement required for 1 m^{3} mortar in a 1:6 ratio for plaster is 265 kg. This ratio indicates the proportion of cement to sand in the mortar mix.

**Correct Answer: paper bag**

**Explanation:** The actual weight of cement bags is more in the case of paper bags. Different bag materials may have varying weights, and paper bags are generally heavier compared to other materials.

^{2}

^{2}

^{2}

^{2}

**Correct Answer: 0.01m ^{2}**

**Explanation:** In the detailed estimate, the areas are typically worked out to the nearest 0.01 square meters for precise calculations.

^{3}

^{3}

^{3}

^{3}

**Correct Answer: 0.01m ^{3}**

**Explanation:** In the detailed estimate, the volumes are usually worked out to the nearest 0.01 cubic meters for accurate measurements.

**Correct Answer: half the breadth**

**Explanation:** In the center line method, for cross walls, deductions from the center line length at each junction should be half the breadth. This ensures accurate measurements in volume calculations.

**Correct Answer: alphabetical**

**Explanation:** The unit rate of items written by the contractor in Bill of Quantities (BOQ) is preferred in alphabetical form for clarity and consistency.

^{2}

^{2}

^{2}

^{2}

**Correct Answer: 150m ^{2}**

**Explanation:** The plinth area of the building is calculated by multiplying the centerline dimensions (including wall thickness) of the outer walls. In this case, it is 9.7m x 14.7m, resulting in a plinth area of 150m^{2}.

**Correct Answer: 3 to 4% of the building cost**

**Explanation:** In unsewered areas, an additional provision for a septic tank is typically around 3 to 4% of the building cost to account for the construction and installation of the septic tank.

**Correct Answer: 12 to 15 litres**

**Explanation:** The capacity of a flushing cistern is normally in the range of 12 to 15 litres. This volume ensures an adequate amount of water for flushing in sanitary fixtures.

^{3}

^{3}

^{3}

^{3}

**Correct Answer: 21m ^{3}**

**Explanation:** The volume of cement required to prepare 100 cubic meters of 1:2:4 concrete is 21m^{3}. This ratio represents the proportions of cement, sand, and coarse aggregate in the concrete mix.

**Correct Answer: 0% of the total steel**

**Explanation:** During the calculation of Reinforced Concrete (RCC), typically, no deduction is made from the total steel quantity.

**Correct Answer: W-C-A-S**

**Explanation:** Arranging the specific weights in increasing order: Wood (W), Cement (C), Aggregate (A), and Steel (S).

**Correct Answer: 19**

**Explanation:** 1 Hectare (He) is equal to 19 Ropani, a unit of area measurement.

**Correct Answer: 4.546**

**Explanation:** 1 British gallon is equal to 4.546 litres.

^{2}

^{2}

^{2}

^{2}

**Correct Answer: 10000 m ^{2}**

**Explanation:** One hectare is equal to 10000 square meters. It is a metric unit of area commonly used for large land measurements.

^{3}

^{3}

^{3}

^{3}

**Correct Answer: 10000 m ^{3}**

**Explanation:** One hectare-meter represents a volume of 10000 cubic meters. This unit is often used in the context of water storage or irrigation.

**Correct Answer: 0.62 kg**

**Explanation:** The weight of a 10 mm diameter mild steel rod per meter length is 0.62 kg. This information is crucial for construction projects where precise material quantities are essential.

**Correct Answer: 1**

**Explanation:** One cubic meter is equivalent to 1 kilo-liter. The prefix “kilo-” represents a factor of 1000, so one kilo-liter is equal to 1000 liters. Since one cubic meter is also equal to 1000 liters, it follows that one cubic meter is equal to one kilo-liter.

**Correct Answer: Centre line method**

**Explanation:** The centre line method is considered easier for estimating material quantities. It involves calculating volumes based on the center lines of walls, providing a straightforward approach.

**Correct Answer: 7 days**

**Explanation:** Lime concrete in the foundation should be left wet for a minimum of 7 days without constructing masonry over it. This ensures proper curing and strength development.

^{2}

^{2}

^{2}

^{2}

**Correct Answer: 135.36 m ^{2}**

**Explanation:** The carpet area is calculated by subtracting the area of the walls from the total area. In this case, it is (9.7m x 14.7m) – [(9.7m + 14.7m) x 0.30m] = 135.36 m^{2}.

^{3}of brickwork in 1:6 cement mortar is approximately equal to

^{3}

^{3}

^{3}

^{3}

**Correct Answer: 3/7 m ^{3}**

**Explanation:** The volume of cement required for 10 m^{3} of brickwork in 1:6 cement mortar is approximately 3/7 m^{3}. This ratio represents the proportions of cement to sand in the mortar mix.

**Correct Answer: Rate analysis**

**Explanation:** Contractor profit is typically added to rate analysis. Rate analysis involves determining the rates for various construction activities, and profit is an essential component of these rates.

**Correct Answer: Earn more profit**

**Explanation:** The main target of a contractor is to earn more profit while efficiently completing the construction work.

**Correct Answer: CDO**

**Explanation:** The chairman of the material rate fixation committee in the district is the Chief District Officer (CDO).

**Correct Answer: Labour, material & equipment**

**Explanation:** Rate analysis prepared by the ministry of transport and work includes the cost of labour, material, and equipment for various construction activities.

**Correct Answer: After maintenance**

**Explanation:** Full payment of the contractor is typically done after the completion of construction and the maintenance period.

^{3}of all types of 1 soil

**Correct Answer: 8 m.d.**

**Explanation:** As per norms, 8 unskilled man-days are required to excavate 12 m^{3} of all types of soil.

**Correct Answer: 1 person**

**Explanation:** For a sanitary pipeline of 3 m length, one skilled laborer is typically required for installation.

**Correct Answer: 40 kg upto 4 kosh**

**Explanation:** According to the norms, one porter can carry a weight of 40 kg up to a distance of 4 kosh.

^{2}area as per norms (one coat)

**Correct Answer: 30 kg**

**Explanation:** As per norms, 30 kg of Snowcem paint is required for one coat on a 100 m^{2} area.

^{3}are

**Correct Answer: 6 m.d. & 12 m.d.**

**Explanation:** According to the norms, for brick masonry with cement mortar of 5 m^{3}, 6 skilled man-days and 12 unskilled man-days are required.

^{2}are

**Correct Answer: 10 m.d. & 12 m.d.**

**Explanation:** As per the norms, for pointing with cement mortar (1:3) of 100 m^{2}, 10 skilled man-days and 12 unskilled man-days are required.

^{2}are

**Correct Answer: 10 m.d. & 12 m.d.**

**Explanation:** According to the norms, for plaster with cement mortar of 10 m^{2}, 10 skilled man-days and 12 unskilled man-days are required.

^{3}are

**Correct Answer: 7 m.d. & 14 m.d.**

**Explanation:** For stone masonry in the foundation with cement mortar of 5 m^{3}, 7 skilled man-days and 14 unskilled man-days are required as per the norms.

**Correct Answer: 4 m.d. & 9 m.d.**

**Explanation:** According to the norms, for cutting, bending, placing, etc., all complete for one MT of reinforcements, 4 skilled man-days and 9 unskilled man-days are required.

^{3}are

**Correct Answer: 3 m.d. & 30 m.d.**

**Explanation:** For PCC/RCC in foundation for 5 m^{3}, 3 skilled man-days and 30 unskilled man-days are required as per the norms.

**Correct Answer: 5.4 bags**

**Explanation:** The estimated quantity of cement required in cement mortar (1:6) per cubic meter is 5.4 bags.

**Correct Answer: All of the above**

**Explanation:** The rate of an item of work depends on specifications of works, specifications of materials, and the method of construction.

**Correct Answer: All of the above**

**Explanation:** Specifications provide information about the nature of works, quality of materials, and types of workmanship.

**Correct Answer: Dimension**

**Explanation:** Dimensions are typically provided in drawings, not in specifications.

**Correct Answer: 4,9**

**Explanation:** As per norms prepared by the Department of Roads (DoR), the number of skilled and unskilled manpower required for the fabrication of one metric ton of steel is 4 skilled and 9 unskilled.

**Correct Answer: Length, breadth & height**

**Explanation:** According to the ISI method of measurement, the order is length, breadth, and height.

^{2}if the thickness of the wall is

**Correct Answer: 10 cm**

**Explanation:** Brick walls are measured in square meters (m^{2}) if the thickness of the wall is 10 cm.

**Correct Answer: 1.5 m**

**Explanation:** In the specification of earthwork in foundation trenches, drains, etc., the lift ordinarily specified is 1.5 m.

**Correct Answer: 30 m**

**Explanation:** In the specification of earthwork in foundation trenches, drains, etc., the lead specified is 30 m (IS code).

**Correct Answer: 19cm x 9cm x 9cm**

**Explanation:** The actual size of the modular brick, as per IS Code, is 19cm x 9cm x 9cm.

^{3}of masonry (as per IS Code) is

**Correct Answer: 500**

**Explanation:** The number of standard modular bricks required to make 1 m^{3} of masonry, as per IS Code, is 500.

**Correct Answer: 30 m and 1.5 m**

**Explanation:** The nominal lead and lift allowed for the earthwork in the excavations of the foundations are 30 m and 1.5 m.

^{2}

^{2}

^{2}

^{2}

**Correct Answer: 0.10 m ^{2}**

**Explanation:** No deduction is made in the masonry for the opening if the area of the opening does not exceed 0.10 m^{2}.

**Correct Answer: 0.6% to 1.0% of R.C.C. volume**

**Explanation:** When not specified, the volume of steel in R.C.C work is taken as 0.6% to 1.0% of R.C.C. volume.

**Correct Answer: 0.005 m**

**Explanation:** The thickness of slabs and beams must be measured to the nearest 0.005 m.

**Correct Answer: concrete as specified**

**Explanation:** The portion that is wrongly excavated by the contractor is to be filled with concrete as specified.

**Correct Answer: 1 1/2%**

**Explanation:** In the analysis of rates, 1 1/2% of the total cost is provided towards water charges.

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